Micronation.org costs £160 per year to keep online. Since we are unable to run advertisements, we ask that any users who are able and willing to do so make a contribution towards the site's costs so that we may continue to survive and thrive. Thank you!


PLEASE NOTE:

Due to the failure of the CAPTCHA system and the termination of Asirra, new users will need to request account creation here. We apologise for any inconvenience.

Awards and decorations of Austenasia

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Austenasian honours system comprises the various titles, awards and decorations which can be bestowed by the Empire of Austenasia. The honours system was established by several Acts of Parliament under the Austenasian Constitution of 2008 (mainly Acts 6, 41, 56 and 118). The bestowing of honours can be done only by the Monarch. The exception is with the Order of the Crown Princess, when the Monarch has no say in it and the bestowing of a title from said order of chivalry can be done only by the Heir to the Throne.

Civilians can be knighted into one of the four orders of chivalry, with military awards consisting of military medals for individuals and battle honours for military units.

Orders of chivalry

A person may have only one title from each order of chivalry, the highest awarded. There are four Austenasian orders of chivalry.

The first, the Austenasian Order, was established on 20 September 2008 (mere hours after the founding of the Empire itself) by Act 6 (Honours). A senior order, the Order of the Bullmastiff, was established on 3 January 2009 by Act 41 (Additional Honours), and two others - the Glorious Order of St. John, the highest in precedence; and the Order of the Crown Princess, the lowest in precedence - were established on 31 January later that month by Act 56 (Orders of Chivalry). It was in this latter Act of Parliament that the four orders of chivalry were set out in their current form.

The three most senior orders have the Monarch as their Sovereign - only he can bestow honours from that order. The least senior, the Order of the Crown Princess, is unique amongst all Austenasian honours in that it can only be bestowed by the Heir to the Throne.

Glorious Order of St. John

The Glorious Order of St. John has three grades, the holders of all of which can be referred to as knights. Established on 31 January 2009, a total of 17 people have been made members since its founding. The grades in the order are thus:

  • Knight/Dame Companion (KCJ/DCJ), with a maximum quota of 12 members
  • Knight/Dame of Honour (KHJ/DHJ)
  • Knight/Dame of Virtue (KVJ/DVJ)

Order of the Bullmastiff

The Order of the Bullmastiff has four grades, the holders of all of which can be referred to as knights. Established on 31 January 2009, a total of 18 people have been made members since its founding. Each grade must have a minimum of one recipient of each sex whenever possible. Due to each grade having a maximum quota, the order was dormant between September 2010 and January 2013, and then again from September 2013 to May 2014 due to there being no more spaces available. The Order is the only Austenasian order of chivalry to have a mascot, a bullmastiff appointed as such for life by the Monarch. A new grade, Knight/Dame of Edd, was founded upon the bullmastiff of the same name becoming the new mascot of the Order. The grades in the order are thus:

  • Knight/Dame of Carothan (KOC/DOC), with a maximum quota of 2 members
  • Knight/Dame of Rose (KOR/DOR), with a maximum quota of 4 members
  • Knight/Dame of Edd (KOE/DOE), with a maximum quota of 4 members
  • Knight/Dame of Molossers (KOM/DOM), with a maximum quota of 6 members

Austenasian Order

The Austenasian Order has five grades, the holders of the two most senior of which can be referred to as knights. Established on 20 September 2008, a total of 62 people have been made members since its founding. The order is unique in that it is the only Austenasian order of chivalry in which no grade has a maximum quota. The grades in the order are thus:

  • Imperial Knight/Dame (IKA/IDA)
  • Knight/Dame Commander (KCA/DCA)
  • Commander of the Austenasian Order (CAO)
  • Officer of the Austenasian Order (OAO)
  • Member of the Austenasian Order (MAO)

Order of the Crown Princess

The Order of the Crown Princess has four grades, the holders of all but the least senior of which can be referred to as knights. Established on 31 January 2009, a total of 47 people have been made members since its founding. The grades in the order are thus:

  • Supreme Companion of the Heir (SCH), with a maximum quota of 1 member
  • Knight/Dame Protector of the Crown Princess (KPP/DPP), with a maximum quota of 12 members
  • Knight/Dame of the Crown Princess (KCP/DCP)
  • Squire of the Crown Princess (SCP)

Table of precedence

Although the four orders of chivalry have a clear order of precedence, most of the grades within each order correspond with another in terms of the precedence held by each one. For example, an Officer of the Austenasian Order and a Squire of the Crown Princess are considered to have the same level of honour in regards to the precedence of their titles. The following table displays the hierarchy of the different grades in Austenasian orders of chivalry:

Glorious Order of St. John Order of the Bullmastiff Austenasian Order Order of the Crown Princess
Knight Companion Supreme Companion of the Heir
Knight/Dame of Honour Knight/Dame of Carothan
Knight/Dame of Virtue
Knight/Dame of Rose Imperial Knight/Dame
Knight/Dame of Edd
Knight/Dame of Molossers Knight/Dame Commander Knight/Dame Protector
Knight/Dame
Commander
Officer Squire
Member

Medals

Military Medals

Military Medals are awards given to enlisted members of the Austenasian Armed Forces by the Monarch, usually on the recommendation of the recipient's commanding officer. Military Medals were established on 26 April 2010 by Act 118 (Revised Medals) to provide awards for the soldiers who were fighting during the Austenasian Civil War (although the David Cross, the most senior, had existed since the founding of the Austenasian Army in May 2009), originally as military counterparts to civilian medals (see below). A person can only have one Military Medal at a time, the highest awarded.

The Military Medals in order of precedence and their recipients are thus:

  • The David Cross (DC) - "for acts of the greatest heroism, courage or self-sacrifice in the name of duty during warfare". Named for the late father of the first Monarch, Emperor Terry I.
    • None awarded.
  • The Warrior Cross (WC) - "for acts of heroism, courage or self-sacrifice in the name of duty during warfare".
  • The Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC) - "for conspicuous gallantry during active operations against the enemy".
  • The Gallantry Cross (GC) - "for gallantry during active operations against the enemy".
    • Lieutenant Sir A. Hayes, KOM: 10/9/2010. "For defending the name of the Emperor in the Battle of the Grove".
  • The Military Cross - "for taking part in active operations against the enemy to the best of one’s ability".

Former medals

Before they were abolished by Act 126 (17th Revision to Existing Laws) in September 2010, the Empire did have some rarely awarded civilian medals, established alongside the Austenasian Order by Act 6 (not including the Environmental Star, which was established later, by the aforementioned Act 41). In order of precedence, they and their recipients were:

  • The Terry Cross (TC) - "for acts of the greatest heroism or of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger.". Named for the first Monarch, Emperor Terry I.
    • None awarded.
  • The Imperial Austenasian Red Cross (IRC) - "for exceptional medical services to a member of the Royal [sic] Family".
  • The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) - "for outstanding services to the Empire of Austenasia".
  • The Imperial Star (IS) - "for outstanding services to the Royal [sic] Family".
    • None awarded
  • The Government Star (GS) - "for outstanding services to the Cabinet [sic] or Prime Minister".
  • The Environmental Star (ES) - "for outstanding conservation of the environment".
    • None awarded

Battle honours

Battle honours were established by Act 140 (Military Reform) in January 2011, and are the awarding to a military unit the right "to emblazon the name of a military encounter on its flags, standards, uniforms, or other accessories where ornamentation is possible... as official acknowledgement for their achievements in specific wars or operations of a military campaign". They are unique amongst all Austenasian honours in that, as well as being awarded to a group of people rather than to an individual, they have almost always been bestowed by Parliament, with only Legion I Britannica's battle honour of London 2011 having been bestowed by the Monarch alone to date.

The battle honours which have been awarded so far are as follows: