Conservatism in Hakka
Conservatism in Hakka, also called Hakkai Islamism or Yusufism, had played an important role in Hakkai politics throughout its existence in mid-2010. In sharp contrast to the conservatism of the United States, which bordered Hakka, Hakkai conservatives were more likely to favor socialist or syndicalist economics and oppose capitalism. Tianan historian Joseph Puglisi identifies multiple characteristics of Hakkai conservatism: "respect for tradition, anti-capitalism, Islamic fundamentalism, anti-secularism, monarchism, and extreme nationalism". In foreign policy, Hakkai conservatives tended towards militarism and militant isolationism, fiercely opposing globalization.
Hakkai conservatives were almost universally anti-capitalist, and can be seen to have adopted a socialist interpretation of Qu'ranic economics. While most took state socialist positions in favor of mass nationalization of business, others adopted a more syndicalist view. Hakkai conservatives' brand of Islamic socialism is comparable to Ba'athism.
Hakkai conservatives were proponents of militarism and militant isolationism. Hakkai conservatives were greatly divided on the issue of the Pongonesian War, which some saw as a Jihad in defence of the Islamic character of Hakka, and others saw as a breach of the policy of isolationism.