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Democratic Duchy of Francisville

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Democratic Duchy of Francisville

2008–2011

Flag of Francisville.pngFrancisville crest.png

Anthem
De Wilhelmus (Instrumental)
Francisvillemap.png
Capital city Francisville
Official language(s) English, French¹, Francillian¹
Official religion(s) Secular
Demonym Francillian
Government Constitutional monarchy
- Grand Duke 2008-2011: Jamie Sutherland
- First Minister 2008-2009: Jamie Sutherland
2009-2010: J.Abrahams
2010-2011: Cameron Falby
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
- Type - Unicameral
Established 28 November 2008
Area claimed 0.97km²
Population 14
Currency Ville Franc
Time zone UTC
1.No official legal status

The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was a micronational state in Europe founded in November 2008. The state was a parliamentary representative democracy under a Grand Ducal Constitutional monarchy. Jamie Sutherland served as Grand Duke until the state was dissolved in June 2011. The Duchy was situated in a 0.97km² in the Scottish highlands. English was the constitutionally established official language, whilst French and Francillian held de facto official language status.

The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was a prominent member of the GUM and an influential state in the MicroWiki community. Its role as an international negotiator during the Meissner-Antifan War and the Rhodesian War established Francisville as a major neutral power. The state was disestablished by referendum in 2011, leading to the June Convention and the establishment of the Federal Republic of Francisville.

History

The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was founded by Jamie Sutherland on 28 November 2008. The Duchy was formed as a form of powerful elective monarchy with unclear aims on its future and purpose. Francisville gained membership of Grand Unified Micronational on January 8 2009. On 16 January, the Duchy altered its political system to a constitutional monarchy in the form of a Grand Duchy. These changes also involved major changes to the parliamentary system, such as the transition to unicameralism. The last constitution of the Duchy was adopted in May 2009.

The Duchy formed the municipalities of Culloden and Dalcross upon the adoption of this constitution, which finally allowed the Duchy to fully establish territorial areas. Despite condemnation of both conflicts, the Duchy attempted to assist the resolution of the Siple, and Meissner Antifan wars. Grand Duke Sutherland served as Supreme Judge of Grand Unified Micronational during the Meissner-Antifan War. Francisville held a seat on the Security council at this time.

By the original constitution, low citizenship meant full political power was passed into the hands of the head of State, making the Grand Duke an absolute monarch. The first parliament of the Duchy was formed on 3 June 2009. Jamie Sutherland served as Chair of Grand Unified Micronational from June until October 2009. Francisville was involved in negotiations during the Rhodesian War and left the UNMCN following Rhodesia's exposure. The Duchy was a signatory to the GUM's Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression and celebrated her first anniversary on 28 November 2009.

Francisville acted as a negotiator during disputes between Sandus and New Scireland in January 2010. The country's international involvement in the MicroWiki community declined as the year progressed, mostly as an effort to distance Francisville from the influence of Erusia. The second assembly of the Chamber of Deputies was elected in June 2010. Francisville increasingly isolated herself from the community and become almost inactive by November 2010. On 1 June 2011, a referendum was held on a proposal to suspend the constitution suspend the constitution and establish a republic. The Duchy was disestablished that month, leading to a long Constitutional Convention which established the Federal Republic of Francisville.

Geography

River in Francisville
The geography of the Duchy consisted of municipalities and provinces. A municipality was any area declared as a land base of the Duchy, either by the Head of State or the First Minister. A province was the private property of citizens which was officially claimed by the Duchy. At the time it was disestablished, the Duchy had one municipality in Northern Scotland. Most of this land consisted of open farm land and woodland, with one river at the southern border. The same region is now part of the Canton of Wasserbrueck.

Politics

Politics in Francisville took place in a framework of parliamentary representative democracy under a constitutional democracy whereby the Grand Duke or Grand Duchess served as the Head of State, and a First Minister as the Head of Government. The Head of State ruled until death or abdication, after which a successor would be elected by popular vote. Legislative power was vested in the unicameral Chamber of Deputies, elected annually. In turn, the Chamber elected a First Minister. The First Minister was head of an administrative cabinet, consisting of one third of the members of the parliament. The Judiciary consisted of the High Court and the Civil Courts. Judges of the high court were appointed by the Head of State, with the countersignature of the Head of Government. Civil Court members were appointed by the High Court.

Administrative divisions

The Duchy was subdivided differently according to territorial and non-territorial subdivisions.

Subdivisions of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville
Subdivision Governance
Type Region Authority Election
Non-territorial Canton Unitary local authority (5) Plurality-at-large
Territorial Province Chancellor Appointed
Municipality Mayor FPTP

Foreign relations

Francisville had no official armed forces. All military and police power were controlled by the Ducal Defence Force. Officially, this was under the total control of the head of state, but power was de facto exercised by the government. The Duchy was a member of Grand Unified Micronational. The country had strong relations with nations such as Erusia, Flandrensis, St.Charlie, Sandus, New Europe and Landashir.

Economy

Francisville mainly focused on political and cultural development, leaving economical development on the fringes. Business activity in the country took place in public sector non profit organisations, with limited donations being taken when needed. Francisville gave international aid relief through Kiva.

Demographics

Francisville had citizens from the United Kingdom, the United States, France, New Zealand, and other countries. English had official language status in the constitution. French and Francillian were also considered national languages, and Spanish and Italian were spoken to a limited extent.

See also