Democratic Duchy of Francisville
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| Democratic Duchy of Francisville |
De Wilhelmus (Instrumental)
|Official language(s)||English, French¹, Francillian¹|
|- Grand Duke||2008-2011: Jamie Sutherland|
|- First Minister||2008-2009: Jamie Sutherland|
2010-2011: Cameron Falby
|Legislature||Chamber of Deputies|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|Established||28 November 2008|
|1.No official legal status|
The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was a micronational state in Europe founded in November 2008. The state was a parliamentary representative democracy under a Grand Ducal Constitutional monarchy. Jamie Sutherland served as Grand Duke until the state was dissolved in June 2011. The Duchy was situated in a 0.97km² in the Scottish highlands. English was the constitutionally established official language, whilst French and Francillian held de facto official language status.
The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was a prominent member of the GUM and an influential state in the MicroWiki community. Its role as an international negotiator during the Meissner-Antifan War and the Rhodesian War established Francisville as a major neutral power. The state was disestablished by referendum in 2011, leading to the June Convention and the establishment of the Federal Republic of Francisville.
The Democratic Duchy of Francisville was founded by Jamie Sutherland on 28 November 2008. The Duchy was formed as a form of powerful elective monarchy with unclear aims on its future and purpose. Francisville gained membership of Grand Unified Micronational on January 8 2009. On 16 January, the Duchy altered its political system to a constitutional monarchy in the form of a Grand Duchy. These changes also involved major changes to the parliamentary system, such as the transition to unicameralism. The last constitution of the Duchy was adopted in May 2009.
The Duchy formed the municipalities of Culloden and Dalcross upon the adoption of this constitution, which finally allowed the Duchy to fully establish territorial areas. Despite condemnation of both conflicts, the Duchy attempted to assist the resolution of the Siple, and Meissner Antifan wars. Grand Duke Sutherland served as Supreme Judge of Grand Unified Micronational during the Meissner-Antifan War. Francisville held a seat on the Security council at this time.
By the original constitution, low citizenship meant full political power was passed into the hands of the head of State, making the Grand Duke an absolute monarch. The first parliament of the Duchy was formed on 3 June 2009. Jamie Sutherland served as Chair of Grand Unified Micronational from June until October 2009. Francisville was involved in negotiations during the Rhodesian War and left the UNMCN following Rhodesia's exposure. The Duchy was a signatory to the GUM's Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression and celebrated her first anniversary on 28 November 2009.
Francisville acted as a negotiator during disputes between Sandus and New Scireland in January 2010. The country's international involvement in the MicroWiki community declined as the year progressed, mostly as an effort to distance Francisville from the influence of Erusia. The second assembly of the Chamber of Deputies was elected in June 2010. Francisville increasingly isolated herself from the community and become almost inactive by November 2010. On 1 June 2011, a referendum was held on a proposal to suspend the constitution suspend the constitution and establish a republic. The Duchy was disestablished that month, leading to a long Constitutional Convention which established the Federal Republic of Francisville.
GeographyCanton of Wasserbrueck.
Politics in Francisville took place in a framework of parliamentary representative democracy under a constitutional democracy whereby the Grand Duke or Grand Duchess served as the Head of State, and a First Minister as the Head of Government. The Head of State ruled until death or abdication, after which a successor would be elected by popular vote. Legislative power was vested in the unicameral Chamber of Deputies, elected annually. In turn, the Chamber elected a First Minister. The First Minister was head of an administrative cabinet, consisting of one third of the members of the parliament. The Judiciary consisted of the High Court and the Civil Courts. Judges of the high court were appointed by the Head of State, with the countersignature of the Head of Government. Civil Court members were appointed by the High Court.
The Duchy was subdivided differently according to territorial and non-territorial subdivisions.
|Subdivisions of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville|
|Non-territorial||Canton||Unitary local authority (5)||Plurality-at-large|
Francisville had no official armed forces. All military and police power were controlled by the Ducal Defence Force. Officially, this was under the total control of the head of state, but power was de facto exercised by the government. The Duchy was a member of Grand Unified Micronational. The country had strong relations with nations such as Erusia, Flandrensis, St.Charlie, Sandus, New Europe and Landashir.
Francisville mainly focused on political and cultural development, leaving economical development on the fringes. Business activity in the country took place in public sector non profit organisations, with limited donations being taken when needed. Francisville gave international aid relief through Kiva.
Francisville had citizens from the United Kingdom, the United States, France, New Zealand, and other countries. English had official language status in the constitution. French and Francillian were also considered national languages, and Spanish and Italian were spoken to a limited extent.