Elsanor is a micronation that was founded in 2005 when the Barony of Pelican Island(est. 1998) merged with the Barony of Sand Island to form the Grand Duchy of Elsanor. After a reformation of government, solidified in the nation's second constitution, Elsanor is currently a National Republic composed of Sand Island, Pelican Island and the Jefferson District. With a total land mass of just under 600 acres, The Republic of Elsanor is working to reassert itself as a micronational power after a troubling period of internal strife. At its peak in 2007, Elsanor boasted a voting citizenry of 308 and was Prominently featured in Lonely Planet's Guide to Micronations.
Elsanor is derived from the Spanish El meaning "the" and Senor derived from vulgar Latin meaning "elder" or "senior".
Elsanor was pioneered in the 1970s by Bruce "the Fierce", who used Pelican Island as a base camp during recreational offshore fishing trips. The island was declared the Barony of Pelican Island by his son James I in 1993. In 1998 Eric I, the nephew of James I, established the government of the Island in the form of an Absolute Monarchy. By 2004, such attention had been gained by the Barony of Pelican Island that a rival barony was established on neighboring Sand Island by Lord Owens. Partnering together to combat the threat of war from the disgruntled citizen and traitor "Generalissimo" L'Etan Gallo and his Army of The International Leftist Advance(ATILA), the two island baronies joined forces through the Morgan Treaty to establish a permanent union of the two islands and named the Sovereign archipelago the Grand Duchy of Elsanor. Under the direction of Grand Duke Eric I, Elsanor outgrew its initial land claim, and annexed the larger Petit Bois Island to the West. In its first year of existence, Eric I went to great effort in establishing the national web page, a multinational radio broadcast for the Gulf Coast region, the minting of 3 denominations of coins, and the increase of the voting population from 4 to 308 at its highest point. Treaties of mutual recognition were exchanged with various nations and organizations including the Principality of Vikesland, the Dominion of British West Florida, the Grand Duchy of Westartica and the Republic of Molossia among several others. Yet by 2010, the Grand Duchy of Elsanor was proving to be an increasingly time consuming effort for Eric I. In September of 2010, the Grand Duke was ordered to Afghanistan as part of Elsanor's military contribution to the US Army. Unable to rule from abroad, the temporary power of Regent of Elsanor was entrusted to Lord Steven, Marquis of Sablon and long time Minister of Finance for the Grand Duchy of Elsanor.
After the deployment of the Grand Duke to Afghanistan with Elsanor’s Infantry contingent, the governance of the territory fell to the Marquis of Sablon, Lord Steven. Ruling without regard for the Constitution adopted by the Crown in 2006, Lord Steven abolished the Constitutional Monarchy and all offices of Nobility in the Realm on October 1st 2010. Three days later, amid much uproar, he established himself as the Perpetual Head of a Theocracy based on compulsory conversion to Odinism by Royal Decree #36. Incensed by the move, the nobles of Elsanor gathered in an attempt to maintain power over their hereditary lands on Pelican and Sand Islands. Finding themselves outmaneuvered by Steven "the Mad", the Nobles went into self imposed exile to the nearby territories of the United States, seeking asylum and advice from the Grand Duke, who was still serving with the US Army.
The Baron of Pelican Island, as Eric I had returned to calling himself, was disgusted by what he saw as the total collapse of sanity in Elsanor. Refusing offers to be restored to the Throne, Eric organized a relief effort backing the nobles in an attempt to return sensible order to the islands. With the successful removal of Lord Steven from power, the people of Elsanor reinstituted a limited nobility under the governance of a democratically elected Chancellor, Lord Wangner. Chancellor Wangner had served for a number of years as Elsanor's Minister of Domestic Affairs, and also served Elsanor's Royal Navy as the Military Attache to the US Submarine Fleet. As the government took steps to emplace a new constitution, radical elements elected to the General Assembly began to splinter. With the entirety of the representatives from Petit Bois Island espousing immediate secession if their demands for a socialist state were not heeded, Chancellor Wangner took measures to suppress the Island’s radical politics that included the dismissal of half of their delegation from the Constitutional Convention on November 1st. By November 5th, Petit Bois Island had completely abandoned negotiations and formed a provisional government. Preparing for conflict, Petit Bois looked to the aid of several terrorist cells affiliated with the Army of The International Leftist Advance (ATILA), under the traitor “Generalissimo” Gallo.
The Midnight Revolution was a Cyber operation mounted by the Army of The International Leftist Advance (ATILA) against the Grand Duchy of Elsanor and its presence on the World Wide Web. Seen as the low point of the Secession War of November 5 2010 to March 3 2011, it occurred at 11:59 CST on the night of 23 December 2010, and saw the government website of the Grand Duchy of Elsanor hacked by a Cyber Guerilla Team of ATILA. After seizing Elsanor’s online presence, steps were taken by the Guerilla operatives to make the site unrecoverable, sparking outrage across Elsanor’s populace. Noted by many as being the greatest defeat of Elsanor in its history, Chancellor Wangner felt compelled to allow Petit Bois Island to secede.
Following several efforts made by the government to recover the site proved unsuccessful, Chancellor Wangner was impeached by the General Assembly and forced to sign a treaty recognizing the independence of Petit Bois Island on March 3rd 2011. After the ceasefire, political and sectarian violence (between the Socialist Left led by ATILA’s “Generalissimo” Gallo and the Odin Occult loyal to Lord Steven)continued in Petit Bois Island for several months, with neither side gaining clear advantage over the other. The Island of Petit Bois is still seen by many analysts as an unstable territory in the region.
Disgusted by the whirlwind politics he was beset by, Lord Wangner continued to guide Elsanor through the arduous process of founding a republic. Two days after the ratification of the Constitution, Chancellor Wangner wrote to Eric I, asking him to stand for election as Chancellor of the Republic of Elsanor. Asking Lord Wangner to hold on as long as he could, Eric I promised he would stand for election as soon as he had finished his foreign service with Elsanor's Infantry contingent in Afghanistan. Keeping his promise, and seeing no alternative to securing a peaceful Elsanor, Eric returned to the islands and, upon the resignation of Chancellor Wangner, was restored as Elsanor’s Head of Government, this time as Chancellor of a Republic forged by the very citizens who had elected him. Wishing to illustrate to the people of Elsanor the Republic's origins in noblity, Eric I assumed the Office of Chancellor under the name Lord Ball. On August 3rd, 2012, to the rejoicing songs of Elsanor, the restoration of peace and prosperity had at last been achieved with the Inauguration of Chancellor Lord Ball to a six year term as leader of the Republic of Elsanor.
Government and politics
The Republic of Elsanor operates under a Constitution with Chancellor Lord Ball as its current Head of Government. A National Congress composed of 3 representatives from each of the several territories selects from its number the 5 person Grand and General Council composed of the Chancellor, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Domestic Affairs, the Minister of Finance, and the Minister of Defense.
Law and order
Each Municipality elects three representatives to the National Congress as well as a Magistrate, Constable and Captain of Militia. Judges of the High Court are appointed for a term of 3 years by the Chancellor. Legality is determined by Statute, Roman Law, and Common Law.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, acting as the diplomatic representative of the Chancellor and the Republic of Elsanor welcomes dialog from all nations. Elsanor currently holds the Kingdom of Vikesland as Most Favored Nation pursuant to the Treaty of Mutual Support and Recognition of 2007.
The Chancellor is the Commander in Chief of all of Elsanor's Armed Forces and holds the rank of Colonel. The Navy, Elsanor's largest service branch, is composed of one 12' Light Water Craft and one 36' Pilot House Schooner. The Army is composed of the Old Guard, an infantry detachment with a largely ceremonial purpose though a large percentage of its officers have served in combat alongside US troops in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Militia is composed of every male between the age of 15 and 50, and may be called out in time of emergency.
Geography and climate
Elsanor is primarily composed of 2 barrier islands in the Gulf of Mexico around 2 miles south of Dauphin Island, USA. The area experiences mild winters, moderate summers, and heavy rainfall during hurricane season. Major environmental issues are flooding, erosion and a lack of fresh water.
Elsanor has had a silver backed currency since its foundation in 2005. Much of this Bullion was acquired as part of the Treaty of Morgan which joined the Barony of Pelican Island and the Barony of Sand Island into the Grand Duchy of Elsanor. Currency is backed at a rate of 10 Elsanoran Francs = 1/10th of an ounce of silver. The GDP of the Republic of Elsanor is one of the highest in the world, with average per capita income in excess of US$45,000.
National religion and the national language were abolished with the end of the Monarchy in 2010. Crab Wrestling is the national sport of Elsanor, and the National Anthem is titled "Elsanor! My Homeland". The national pastime is gardening, and the national hat is the wide-brimmed Plantation hat, being made of straw in the summer and fur felt for special occasions.
The Republic of Elsanor outsources all of its telecom needs to the neighboring United States. The Pelican Broadcasting Network is the national radio, film, and news distributor.
Lonely Planet Guide to Micronations, 2006
The Constitution of the Republic of Elsanor, 2012
A Brief History of the Grand Duchy of Elsanor, 2008