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Saint Luke and Amager

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Flag of Amager.png
Flag
Official Arms.png
Emblem

Motto
Fortitudo et Virtus (Courage and Virtue)
Anthem
Amagerian Psalmter
National Map.png
Capital city Amasburg (legislative and judicial)
Hobartstown (executive)
Largest city Hobartstown
Official language(s) Federal: English, Haevian Francillish, Francillish

Cultural: French, Francillish, Dutch

Regional: French, German, Italian, Esperanto
Demonym Amagerian or Saint Lukentine (primary)
Government Confederation, direct-democratic parliamentary republic with directorial system
- President of the Confederation James Lunam
- First Minister Leon Simpson
Legislature Federal Assembly
- Type - Concencus parliamentary model, unicameral
- Number of seats - 13
- Last election - 2013
Established June 1, 2011 (declared)
July 22, 2010 (de facto created)
Area claimed 50 sq. km (including ceremonial borders)
Population 45
Currency Amagerian Pianeta, St.Charlian Pianeta
Time zone Varies
National sport Association football
National animal White-tailed deer, mute swan
Patron saint Saint Luke

Official website and paper

The Third Confederation of Saint Luke and Amager or Amagerian Confederation or simply Amager or the Saint Luke and Amager ([ˈɑmɑːˀ] or, especially among older speakers, [ˈɑmæːɪ̯ˀɐ]), was a nation-state movement, transcontinental nation-state in Europe and North America governed as a Federal republic and quasi-confederation. It was a state composed of many different types of nations, termed "regions", the two founding regions being Amager and Saint Luke, with the main land being in southern New England. Originally established as a parliamentary presidential federal republic with a single-party system in June 2011, multiple parties became allowed through the Amager Act.

The Confederation of Saint Luke and Amager was a parliamentary republic and confederal state with a President of the Confederation, James Lunam, and administered by a parliament. The nation was a direct democracy and a highly devolved state, with local and cantonal governments in all fifteen communes, five constituent nations, and eight cantons. It was one of the major political and cultural powers of the Atlantic region (alongside Sandus), and the greater community, ranking sixth on the Influence Survey of January's Midway Table and ninth overall.

Saint Luke and Amager, with a mixed market capitalist economy (social market economy) and a large welfare state, ranked as having a high level of income equality. It was frequently ranked as a happy and lowly corrupt nation. The national language, Haevian Francillish, is closely related to Norwegian, French and Francillish, with which it shares strong cultural and historical ties. Amager is a member of the St.Charlian Commonwealth, EMCO, League of Capitalists (ruling party), and Unicus, a think tank and multilateral group for addressing the issues of creating constructive micronational governments through a quasi-confederation supranational political union (similar to the European Union in some ways). Amager also holds a non-voting seat in the St.Charlian Parliament.

Etymology

Amager, and the larger name of Havnesgade-Amager (Havnegade being a road on Amager), comes from the name of Amager Island, which is partially part of Copenhagen and Amager itself. The name pays homage to the island and Copenhagen.

The name of Saint Luke has a much different origin however. It pays homage to the patron saint of the Republic, Luke the Evangelist. According to legend, a plague broke out in the nation long ago. Prayers to the saint cured the infections apparently, leading to his honouring.

History

Prehistory

The earliest known inhabitants of Amager were Native Americans who spoke a variety of the Eastern Algonquian languages. Some of the more prominent tribes include the Abenaki, the Penobscot, the Pequot, the Mohegans, the Pocumtuck, and the Wampanoag. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Western Abenakis inhabited New Hampshire and Vermont, as well as parts of Quebec and western Maine. Their principal town was Norridgewock, in present-day Maine. The Penobscot were settled along the Penobscot River in Maine. The Wampanoag occupied south-eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket; the Pocumtucks, Western Massachusetts. The Connecticut region was inhabited by the Mohegan and Pequot tribes prior to European colonization. The Connecticut River Valley, which includes parts of Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, linked different indigenous communities in cultural, linguistic, and political ways.

According to archaeological evidence, the indigenous people of the warmer parts of Southern New England had started agricultural endeavours over a thousand years ago. They grew corn, tobacco, kidney beans, squash, and Jerusalem artichoke. Trade with the Algonquian peoples of Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine, where the growing season was shorter, likely provided for a robust economy.

As early as 1600, French, Dutch, and English traders, exploring the New World, began to trade metal, glass, and cloth for local beaver pelts. In the year 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which would come to dominate the area, was established by royal charter. Later on, in 1784, New England (Amager) would become a strategic part of the newly formed United States.

Foundation

The proposal for the formation of a state was made by Luke Albertschine on June 1, 2011 and work began on forming the micronation the following day with Albertschine becoming the de facto leader. Havnesgade-Amager gained a presence within the MicroWiki community after Albertschine joined MicroWiki and created an article on the micronation on the 7 October, 2011.

The form of government was decided on June 11 to be a unitary state and semi-President-Ministerial democracy, and the name was later decided to be the "Havnesgade-Amager". However, this came under dispute and further discussion took place to change the form of government. In late October, a series of unwritten laws and constitutions were created, making the basic constitution and ideas of the republic, known as the tradition of the state in future years.

Albertschine was elected President-Minister of Saint Luke and Amager until first elections, sharing power with his current partner, First Minister Victoria Liszt of the Socialist Labour, Albertschine being of the Conservatives.

Government development and growth

November 7, 2011 saw the creation of the honors of Amager. Designed by Albertschine on November 8, the Order of Amagerian Honour, the Parliamentary Medal of Freedom, the Order of Saint Veronica and the Peace Award were created to recognize contributions and achievements in Amager.

After weeks of Parliamentary inactivity, the government was compelled to become a member of the then major Organisation of Active Micronations as a Presidentate governed by the organisation, mainly with representatives sitting in place of the government and in essence controlling it. In retrospect, the people of Amager do regret joining the organisation.

The Organisation of Active Micronations granted Amager a charter (constitution) known as the Treaty of Amasburg, named for Amager’s capital, creating a unicameral semi-President-Ministerial republic, abolishing federalism for a time as well. December 2011 brought the Embezzlement Trials of Alexia Wynn of Amager, the Federal Chancellor since the early month of August. She was accused and by executive order found guilty of stealing from the state treasury for own gain, a total of eighty Francs, twenty United States Dollars at the end of several months, a major contribution to the economic debates of the January elections for President-Minister and successive rebellions from the Helsing and Labour front.

Towards the end of the month, the Organisation of Active Micronations dissolved and subsequently the constitution of Amager was left disabled and unable to govern. Provincial status was assumed and the government rushed for cover before being pummeled by the media of Amager. A lack of confidence was assumed, and when joining Eniarku, little stability came out. The nation joined the Dale Commonwealth and in effect suspended the constitution, creating a power vacuum.

Elections of 2012 and other business

The 2012 elections for President-Minister soon came around, and under the weak constitution, elections went forth. Protective status was imminent, and the government spent time and money organizing a potentially working administration. The two ministries of Amager supported Victoria Liszt out of the lack of confidence in President-Minister Albertschine.

The Socialist vendetta of the whole process soon fell in, and with bickering found at many state dinners and anger from all sides of the nation, elections soon became no choice. Liszt herself was prepared to engage in a coup d’état, and when plans of this were found on her computer, the government immediately came to press charges.

She quickly fled the mainland and ran for the Socialist city of Victoria in Chiract, Havnesgade-Amager. With many other supporters, the Federal Palace was marched on, and with the President-Minister learning of this, a state of active conflict was assumed. The government quickly gave an ultimatum and mandated the fighting stop.

With Liszt arrested, Albertschine was elected by default, and the nation progressed from there. From that place, major reforms such a direct democracy, federal principles, and other doctrines were put in practice, including the nation’s second constitution. Electoral provisions were then made for early June, which soon led to the rise of the Labour successor of the Helsing, named for it wanting to destroy current Amager.

Helsing issues

Socialist Amager again rose up and attacked Amagerian politics, proposing to throw out the new constitution creating a Parliamentary system. Things went south from the debates, and upon Election Day, support was rallied from Amagerian enemies to overthrow the government. In a similar fashion to the Socialist controversies, the communists of the nation now resulted to marches. Worse than Liszt, when finally defeated, the Helsing were granted a damnation of memory, removed from most recorded history. Little knows of what remains of them, though the Democratic conversion of the city of Victoria, Chiract was an end to all socialist strongholds. This now caused the cautioning of the government in social ideas, and led to an all but suppression of the far-left and right in Confederation politics.

Gloriana period

The end of the national crises of the past brought forth the Gloriana period. Amager joined the Grand Unified Micronational, as well as seven other institutions, as well as the establishing of the Unicus group in Amasburg. Declan of Hobartstown, the former King of Victoria, a predecessor of Amager, was made Doge and later Steward of Saint Luke and Amager in a cultural office celebrating the old monarchy. Recently, a referendum attempted to grant the Steward monarch status, but failed with a dead tie between confederation states.

In this time, two successive constitutions with revisions were adopted, creating confederalism as well as a sounder semi-direct parliamentary democracy. The nation became also much more seen on the community scale.

Upon confederalism, several nations joined Saint Luke and Amager, including Libereco, Saint Luke, Akharnes, and Luciana. This increased democracy and allowed for recent 2013 elections, resulting in high confidence in the Albertschine government with a 87% approval rating and strong national government creating many projects.

The nation’s status in the St.Charlian Commonwealth was also cemented, with approval unanimous in voters. Amager began to progress, and in late 2012, marriage for LGBT couples and complete secularism was achieved through legislation proposed by Leon Simpson.

Unicus was also founded on the St. Charlian Social Principle of a more active and social nation, proposed to bring a new brand of democracy to the community in light of current failures of the long loved GUM in Amager.

Small national conflicts were experienced between the Garshirrian nations, Wyvern, Sandus, as well as a potential seceding of Luciania and Akharnes following discontent and protest of the Confederation between nations.

Policies were cemented, and with this era the current political system was born.

In early January 2013, Amager withdrew from several organisations, including NAMCO, the GUM, UAMW, the Blue Cross, and the OMAP, though a change in foreign policy ultimately saw a return to the GUM.

March 2013 saw Montania and Doshevika admitted as constituents, and Wick succeeding from the Confederation. First Minister Grant called new elections, leading to a coalition majority.

First Minister Grant resigned from his position mere weeks later, citing his support for the Hobartstown and Victoria independence movement, which left him incapable of fulfiling his duties. Leon Simpson succeeded to the position that same day, holding an extraordinary session of the Federal Assembly the day after. He announced plans for a fourth constitution in Amager's history, and appointed an interim Federal Council until the constitution could be approved.

Government and politics

Politics of Saint Luke and Amager is played within a federal parliamentary direct republic, with the larger Federal Assembly as its centrepiece. Saint Luke and Amager has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties, and four or five other significant parties. These parties belong to three main political families; liberal, social democratic, and liberal conservative.

The First Minister of the Confederation is first among equals, head of government and leader of the Federal Assembly as Speaker of the Assembly. The First Minister has the power of veto over parliamentary decisions although it can be overrun by the Federal Council. In urgent situations where a Council decision cannot be made in time, he or she is empowered to act on behalf of the whole Council.

Before a vote is taken at a Council meeting, though, all proposals are circulated in writing to the heads of departments, who commission the senior career officials of their department – the heads of the Federal Offices – to prepare a written response to offer criticism and suggestions. This is called the co-report procedure, designed to build a wide consensus ahead of a Council meeting.

Between April 2012 and February 2013, the Steward (formerly known as Doge, Federal Protector and Amaseme) acted as an entirely ceremonial monarchical figure, similar to the role played by the Emperor of Japan. On 15 February 2013, said role was transitioned into a subnational ceremonial monarchy in Hobartstown and Victoria alone, the current holder of which is Jonathan I.

The directorial system is also present, as the Council collectively serves as head of government. The Assembly itself is elected by mixed-member proportional representation, creating direct representation legislative wise.

The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The civil and common law system of the nation is governed by two systems, regular courts and administrative courts, headed by the Federal Chancellery, respectively. Administrative courts process cases where official decisions are contested. Yearly, the Federal Chancellor is elected from the life-appointed members of the Chancellery, and serves as head of the Federal Court Circuit.

Amager also is currently a federated state. The principle of subsidiarity defines that the competence to make decisions is established at the most relevant (competent) level of government. A constituent nation is in political union with Saint Luke and Amager, in communal sovereignty, but no member holds sovereignty apart from the Confederation. Members are no longer independent, but are in communion with sovereignty in Amager. Member nations share sovereignty, but apart from the nation-state are not nation states but mere nations. It is a multi-dominium nation-state.

Constituent countries

Name Joined
Akharnes flag.png Akharnes 1st December 2012
DoshevikanFlag.png Doshevika 18th February 2013
Flag of Havnesgade.png Hobartstown and Victoria 2nd February 2013
Flag of Libereco.png Libereco 21st November 2012
MontanianFlag.png Montania 6th Febuary 2013

Political parties

Amager is a multi-party state. Coalitions are often formed between parties because there are so many.

Party Founded Ideology Leader-Minister Notes
Conservative Party.png 2012 Liberal conservatism Edward Jacobs
Democratic Unionists Front.png 2012 Economic liberalism, eco-capitalism, civil libertarianism, community politics, classical liberalism Luke Albertschine
Green Front.png 2012 Green democracy Sebastian Schriber
Labour Party Amager.png 2013 State socialism, labourism, environmentalism, Amagerian democracy, pro-welfare state, promotion of an Amagerian President independent from the St. Charlian Presidency TBA

Geography and climate

Mainland Amager's long rolling hills, mountains, and jagged coastline are glacial landforms resulting from the retreat of ice sheets approximately 18,000 years ago, during the last glacial period. The coast of is dotted with lakes, hills, swamps, and sandy beaches. Further inland are the Appalachian Mountains, extending through much of the nation. Among them is Mount Washington, which at 6,288 ft. (1,917 m), is the highest peak in the Northeast and is the second-highest peak in the Appalachian Mountain system as well as the second-highest mountain east of the Mississippi River. It is the site of the second highest recorded wind speed on Earth, and has the reputation of having the world's worst weather.

Climate and biodiversity

Amager 2.jpeg
The climate varies much through the nation. Most of Amager has a humid continental short summer climate, with mild summers and cold winters. South-eastern Amager have a humid continental long summer climate, with warm summers and cold winters. Owing to thick deciduous forests, fall in Amager brings bright and colourful foliage. Trees are very common in Amager. The most common kinds are maple, oak and chestnut. Springs are generally wet and cloudy. Average rainfall generally ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 mm (40 to 60 in) a year, although the southern parts of Amager see slightly less, from 500 to 1,000 mm (20 to 40 in). Snowfall can often exceed 2,500 mm (98 in) annually.
Climate data for Amasburg, Amager
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23.3)
76
(24.4)
89
(31.7)
97
(36.1)
99
(37.2)
102
(38.9)
108
(42.2)
105
(40.6)
105
(40.6)
93
(33.9)
85
(29.4)
76
(24.4)
108
(42.2)
Average high °F (°C) 38.1
(3.39)
41.1
(5.06)
50.1
(10.06)
60.8
(16)
71.4
(21.89)
80.2
(26.78)
85.2
(29.56)
83.2
(28.44)
75.7
(24.28)
64.7
(18.17)
53.7
(12.06)
43.0
(6.11)
62.3
(16.83)
Average low °F (°C) 24.4
(−4.2)
26.6
(−3.0)
34.2
(1.22)
43.7
(6.5)
54.1
(12.28)
63.5
(17.5)
69.1
(20.61)
67.7
(19.83)
59.9
(15.5)
48.2
(9)
39.1
(3.94)
29.8
(−1.2)
46.7
(8.17)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(−22.2)
−14
(−25.6)
6
(−14.4)
16
(−8.9)
33
(0.6)
41
(5)
51
(10.6)
45
(7.2)
35
(1.7)
25
(−3.9)
12
(−11.1)
−8
(−22.2)
−14
(−25.6)
Source: NOAA

Environment

Amager's ecosystems can be particularly fragile, because of the many delicate valleys separated by high mountains, often forming unique ecologies. The mountainous regions themselves are also vulnerable, with a rich range of plants not found at other altitudes, and experience some pressure from visitors and grazing. The climatic, geological and topographical conditions of the region make for a very fragile ecosystem that is particularly sensitive to climate change.

Foreign relations

Amager has an official foreign policy but its diplomacy is guided by a commitment to be recognized by as many nations as possible and to make a noticeable and positive impact on the micronational community. As a result of choice policy, the following nations are ones the Republic has relations with or recognizes:

Recognised; no relations

Full diplomatic relations

Informal relations

Former relations

Culture and demographics

Amager shares its traditional culture with Scandinavia, but the nations have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the independence of Amager in 2011. The Amagerian Federal Department of Home Affairs actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

Society

Amagerian society is one which emphasizes humanitarian acts and aid. In fact, the section on the rights of citizens is the longest in the constitution, four of its total seven pages, and may be one of the longest bills of rights in micronationalism, after Francisville. The whole of most government practices is influenced by Émile Durkheim, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Max Weber, hence making many Amagerian interested in the social sciences, social practices, anthropology, and making their political view libertarian for the large part, with a minority of liberal conservative and communist views

Amagerian society is also one with very clear social rankings, as power and influence seem to go together easily.

Media

Amagerian media is relatively rich and well written. As per freedom of speech, the government allows all citizens to speak their mind freely. The largest publication in the nation is the Amagerian Voices, a government critical and highly controversial paper. It takes no position, but gives overall liberal and Democratic-biased reporting.

Languages

Several languages are spoken in Amager, including French, Catalan, English, Haevs, and Spanish. However, a small number of these are actually recognized.

English remains the common language, with Spanish as well. Haevs, Catalan, and French are languages spoken by the more educated part of society.

Symbols

External links

References