Monarchy of New Balland
|King of New Balland|
Royal Coat of Arms of New Balland
|Heir apparent:||Jonathan, Crown Prince of Austenasia|
|First monarch:||Declan I|
|Formation:||26 April 2012|
This article is part of the series:
The monarchy of New Balland (Spanish: Monarquía de Nueva Balonia) is a system of government in which a hereditary, constitutional monarch is the sovereign of New Balland. The present monarch of New Balland is King Declan of Austenasia. New Balland share the Sovereign with a considerable number of realms, including Austenasia, New Wessex, Wilcsland, and many other realms. The Kings's constitutional roles are mostly delegated to the Governor-General of New Balland. Declan of Austenasia is the current Monarch of eight realms, including New Balland.
New Balland is the only Austenasian protectorate that depends on the Austenasian monarch by choice, though it also depends on Austenasian offices for many other political affairs.
The present king Declan I has reigned over the New Ballandic monarchy since 26 April 2012, being a young title.
All laws in New Balland are enacted with the sovereign's, or the vice-regal's signature. The granting of a signature to a bill is known as Royal Assent; it and proclamation are required for all acts of Parliament, usually granted or withheld by the Governor General. The Vice-Regals may reserve a bill for the Monarch's pleasure, that is to say, allow the Monarch to make a personal decision on the bill. The Monarch has the power to disallow a bill (within a time limit specified by the constitution). The Sovereign is deemed the "fount of justice," and is responsible for rendering justice for all subjects. The Sovereign does not personally rule in judicial cases; instead, judicial functions are performed in his or her name. The common ideal holds that the Sovereign "can do no wrong"; the monarch cannot be prosecuted in his or her own courts for criminal offences. Civil lawsuits against the Crown in its public capacity (that is, lawsuits against the government) are permitted; however, lawsuits against the Monarch personally are not cognizable. The Sovereign, and by extension the Governor General, also exercises the "prerogative of mercy," and may pardon offences against the Crown. Pardons may be awarded before, during, or after a trial.
In New Balland the legal personality of the State is referred to as "His Majesty the King in Right of New Balland." For example, if a lawsuit is filed against the government, the respondent is formally described as His Majesty the King in Right of New Balland. The monarch as an individual takes no more role in such an affair than in any other business of government.
In New Balland, the Kings's official title is: Declan the First, by the Grace of God, King of New Balland and of His other Realms and Territories.
This style communicates New Balland's status as an independent monarchy, highlighting the Monarch's role specifically as King of New Balland, as well as the shared aspect of the Crown throughout the realms. Typically, the Sovereign is styled "King of New Balland," and is addressed as such when in New Balland, or performing duties on behalf of New Balland abroad.
Most of the King's domestic duties are performed by the Governor General. The Governor-General represents the King on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of Parliament (though this might be ignored), the presentation of honours and military parades. Under the Constitution, he or she is given authority to act in some matters, for example in appointing and disciplining officers of the civil service, in proroguing Parliament. As in the other Commonwealth realms, however, the Monarch's role, and thereby the vice-regent's role, is almost entirely symbolic and cultural, acting as a symbol of the legal authority under which all governments operate, and the powers that are constitutionally hers are exercised almost wholly upon the advice of the Cabinet, made up of Ministers of the Crown.
There are also a few duties which must be specifically performed by, or bills that require assent by the King. These include: signing the appointment papers of Governors General, the confirmation of awards of honours, and approving any change in her title.It is also possible that if the Governor General decided to go against the First Secretary's or the government's advice, the First Secretary could appeal directly to the Monarch, or even recommend that the Monarch dismiss the Governor General.