Parliament of Austenasia
|"the Emperor, Prime Minister and Cabinet [sic] are to meet..."|
|Houses||House of Representatives|
|Monarch||HIM Emperor Jonathan I |
since 20 January 2013
|Prime Minister||HIH Eritoshi, Countess of Memphis |
since 19 November 2013
|Deputy Prime Minister||Lord John Gordon, Baron of Palasia |
since 19 November 2013
|Members||4 Representatives, including the Monarch and Prime Minister|
|Last election||19 November 2013|
For the Prime Minister
19 November 2013
The Parliament of the Empire of Austenasia is the law-making branch of the government of the Empire of Austenasia. It is a unicameral legislature, comprised of the House of Representatives and presided over by the Monarch and, if not also a Representative, the Prime Minister.
A Representative is elected by each Town in the Empire to the House of Representatives. The Prime Minister is elected by the electorate of the entire Empire out of Representatives endorsed by the Monarch in a General Election - the next must be held on or before 18 November 2017. All elections use the first-past-the-post system, and there are no limits on how many consecutive terms the Prime Minister or a Representative can serve.
Although Parliament was de facto established by the 20 September 2008 Austenasian Constitution, it was not actually named that, but rather referred to as "Government". Parliament was only fully established on 11 November 2008 after Act 11 fully codified the way in which laws would be passed.
Powers and duties
Parliament is the most powerful entity in Austenasia. Its authority is excercised through the passing of Acts of Parliament, and so its power derives from its ability to create and change the country's laws, to grant or revoke diplomatic recognition, and to remove the powers of the Throne from the Monarch (requires a majority of 65% of the House of Representatives and the consent of the Prime Minister) - in short, only the result of a referendum by the entire population holds more power in Austenasia than Parliament, as this is the only means by which the Constitution itself can be amended.
Members and structure
Parliament currently consists of four people: Emperor Jonathan I as Monarch and Representative of Wrythe, Countess Eritoshi of Memphis as Prime Minister and Representative of Thanasia, Lord Marshal William as Representative of Zephyria, and Lord John Gordon as Representative of Palasia.
Although the Monarch cannot vote in Parliament without also being a Representative (which is currently the case), Acts of Parliament cannot become law without Imperial Consent, that is, the approval of the Monarch. The Monarch also approves Candidates from amongst the willing Representatives to stand for Prime Minister in a General Election.
Only Representatives can be made Candidates and so stand for Prime Minister - however, as elections for Representatives and General Elections do not have to take place at the same time, it is possible that the Prime Minister could lose their office as a Representative. In such a scenario, they still remain in Parliament as Prime Minister, and are able to propose Acts to be passed, but cannot vote on them unless there is a tie - such took place when the then Crown Prince Jonathan lost his position as Representative of Wrythe in December 2011. The Prime Minister also has the power to cast a deciding vote should the House of Representatives reach a tie in voting on anything.
Representatives have the power to propose Acts of Parliament to be passed and to debate on them. The House of Representatives votes on prospective Acts of Parliament - should it vote in favour of passing an Act, it goes to the Monarch, who then decides whether or not to grant Imperial Consent and so make it law.
The next General Election must take place before 18 November 2017, and the next Local Election must take place before 18 November 2015.