President of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie
| Federal President of St.Charlie |
Presidente Federale St.Charliano
|The Right Honourable|
James Lunam OBS
|Formation||November 23, 2008 (Official)|
|Term length||Two years|
|Appointed by||St.Charlian Parliament|
|Inaugural holder||Whisky I|
The President of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie (Italian: Presidente della Repubblica Federale di St.Charlie) also known as the Federal President of St.Charlie (Italian: Presidente Federale St.Charliano) is the head of state of St.Charlie and, as such, is intended to represent national unity rather than a particular political tendency; more or less what the previous King had to do. The president's term of office lasts for two years.
The office of President was first created in 2008, replacing the King as head of state, with Whisky I serving as the first president. While St.Charlie had a semi-presidential system during the single-party rule, today's presidential office is largely ceremonial, with the Prime Minister generally seen as wielding the effective power.
Qualifications for Office
- St.Charlian citizenship
- Not barred from holding political or civil rights
- Is a member of the St.Charlian Parliament, holds a position in St.Charlian politics, or is an active St.Charlian citizen
The Federal President is elected by St.Charlian Parliament in joint session. To achieve the maximum consensus for an institution intended to guarantee the upholding of the constitution, a two-thirds majority is required.
The President’s term lasts three years. The vote is held in the Parlamentary Chamber. The President takes office after having taken an oath before Parliament, and delivering to it a presidential address.
In addition to the natural end, the mandate can be stopped by:
- Voluntary resignation;
- Permanent inability, due to serious illness;
- Dismissal for crimes of high treason and attack on the Constitution.
Former Federal Presidents are often appointed life-members of the St.Charlian Parliament.
In the absence of the Federal President, including travel abroad, its functions have been performed by the Prime Minister.
The Constitution did not create an office of Federal Vice President. If the President is outside of the country, or the position is vacant, the President of the St.Charlian Parliament fills in as temporary, acting President. While doing so he or she can eventually continue to exercise the role of chair of the Parliament, until new elections. If the President dies, or is removed from office, a successor is elected within thirty days. However since the establishment of the office this has never occurred.
While the President is abroad on a state visit the President of the Parliament does NOT assume all of his responsibilities since the Prime Minister deputises for the President, performing on the President's behalf merely those tasks that require his or her physical presence, except for the signing of important documents.
Impeachment and removal
While in office the President enjoys immunity from prosecution and cannot be voted out of office or recalled. The only mechanism for removing the President is impeachment by the St.Charlian Parliament for willfully violating the St.Charlian law. Once the Parliament impeaches the President, the Department of Justice is charged with determining if he or she is guilty of the offence. If the charge is sustained the court has authority to remove the President from office and eventually, to deprive him of his St.Charlian citizenship. To date no President (or Secretary of the NPSC for the 2008 period) has ever been impeached.
The first official residence of the President is the November Palace (Palazzo di Novembre) in the Federation of District.
List of Presidents
|Photo||Name||Home state||Term began||Term ended||Allegiance|
|1.||Whiksky A. Walker I||District||December 1, 2008||March 23, 2010||National Party of St.Charlie|
|2.||Lisa Cassidy||Tor Pendente||April 20, 2010||February 1, 2012||Independent (considered Socialist)|
|3.||James Lunam||Tor Pendente||February 2, 2012||Incumbent||Independent (considered National)|