State of Sandus
| State of Sandus |
|Capital city||Kremlum Sandus|
|Largest city||Kremlum Sandus|
|Official language(s)||English, French, Sancta, Sandum Latin|
|Government||Socialist elective absolute monarchy|
|- Sôgmô||Will Sörgel|
|Established||May 26th, 2009 (founded)|
April 13th, 2011 (state established)
State of Sandus Web Portal
Sandus, officially the State of Sandus, (pronounced [sɑːndɔːs]) is a micronation that was first created on May 26th, 2009, by Will Sörgel. Currently, the government of Sandus is under the Sôgmô, who acts as the absolute monarch of the state. The Founding Law of the current government was ratified on April 13th, 2011 and, thus, created the monarchy that exists today. Sandus is a socialist and ancient country, which is completed by two constructed languages: Sandum Latin and Sancta. Sandus is known for its work in the foreign affairs sphere and is also known for being rather critical of conservatism. Sandus has always been under the de facto control of the current Sôgmô, and the current government is the first time where all power is de jure delegated to him.
The History of Sandus is one that has shaped the nation as it is today. In the beginning French culture began the state, however Roman culture began to permeate the nation before superseding the French culture as it was in the beginning of the state's independence. Today, a combination of many cultures and several past events have created a micro-culture for the state and its people.
The Grand Lamate of Sandefreistikhan seceded from la République de Trénois on May 26th, 2009. The nation, during this time, was naïve of the functions of a state and its government and, though having three years prior experience in Trénois, a French, Native American and Tibetan-based micronation, the government's youth was depicted in its handling of various micronational and macronational incidents, one of them being the Neda War. Sandefreistikhan fought several wars during this time, including the Micronational War on Communism and the New Euro-Erusian War, thus narrowing its political ideology for what would become Sandus today. However, during this time, nearly all power was in the Grand Lama, though more power was delegated to the Politburo -- the legislature -- towards the end of its government's life. Sandefreistikhan, eventually, become a more Roman-based micronation, prompting a direct democracy to form in July of 2009.
People's State of Sandus
The People's State of Sandus was that direct democratic state, founded in July 2009. It was a rather stable nation that was more based of Roman beliefs and ethics, and the first Sandum nation to adopt direct democracy. Its legislature was known as the National People's Congress and elected a Speaker of the House, who served as Executive and, during times of war, became the Dictator of Sandus. The position was only ever filled by Will Sörgel. However, after a day-long war with Pristinia, known as the Insola War, it became clear that various propaganda that Sandefreistikhan published during the New Euro-Erusian War would culminate in Sandus' wide-spread displeasure with certain members of the community, including Sandus' long time ally, Nemkhavia. This would later lead to pretences of a Civil War in November 2009, before the nation made a large, controversial change of government to a Barony.
Time of Troubles (2009)
In November 2009, the State began to self-destruct as the National People's Congress began to fall apart in its positions. A civil war broke out on 15 November 2009. The war lasted only 9 days and only one battle was fought, though it prompted Sandus consider major citizenship-control policies in the future. By 24 November, the nation had collapsed as the Dictator Will Sörgel assumed power in the absence of the rest of the National People's Congress members. The nation entered a short period of self-induced inactivity as it planned its next government.
Barony of Sandus
The Barony of Sandus' creation was some time after the civil war, and sometime before it was implemented. Sandus' momentous shift in policy under the creation of the Barony resulted in a short break down of relations with Sandus' premier ally, Erusia. On 21 December 2009, the Barony of Sandus was created, to the dismay and controversy of the community. However, by the end of the year, Sandus had grown to include its first citizen in the post-Civil War era. That citizen, Cameron Falby, decided to form the autonomous territory of New Scireland in January 2011. However, later that month, that same territory declared independence from Sandus, resulting in a controversial break-down of relations between Sandus and New Scireland and Sandus' difficult relations with several other nations, including Francisville and Landashir. By the end of the month, Sandus experienced a large growth of 3 citizens as the Baroness Consort and her family joined the nation and a détente between Sandus and Erusia was under-way. The problems with New Scireland would lead to months of reduced activity within Sandus, which would be even further emphasised by the departure of the Baroness Consort and her family from Sandus. These events would give rise to the April Political Revolution, where Sandus returned to its former political position and even returned farther Left than any past governments of Sandus.
The issues with New Scireland resulted in several harsh words to be exchanged, including the closest Sandus has ever been to a serious break down of relations to affect direct and indirect relations with the state. Sandus, at first, was not sure how to respond to the declaration of independence. Should Sandus try to restore New Scireland to the state, Sandus' relations with other nations may have been harmed and even more serious civil war may have been faught; however, if Sandus let New Scireland become independent, Sandus may be viewed as powerless to its own internal affairs. Baron Will Sörgel decided the latter, though he decided to bring Cameron Falby, the leader of New Scireland, to trial for treason. Falby accepted and the trial was under-way until the trial bogged down, before Sandus dropped the charges brought against Falby.
April Political Revolution
In April, the Baron abdicated in preference for a socialist republic. During this time, Sandus' first socialist constitution was drafted and the state became close allies with other socialist states, such as Erusia and Nemkhavia. This period of drafting the constitution would create the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus later in the month.
Democratic People's Republic of Sandus
The Democratic People's Republic of Sandus was Sandus' first hardline socialist state. It maintain very socialist policies, both domestic and foreign. The nation itself was subject to some controversy as it was a close ally of Erusia and both Will Sörgel and Robert Lethler where both allies and very close micronational friends. Sandus' government, however, consisted as a provisional measure until Sandus became larger and had a definite territory. It was consisted of a single chamber, the Revolutionary Council, and a higher tier of that chamber that served as the executives, the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Council. A Chairman of the Central Committee was elected, as well, who served as the nation's president. Sandus' political structure at the time caused a few laws to be passed and large amounts of public policy were carried out by the Central People's Government. However, it became difficult for the state to carry out its foreign policy, due to the Great Ideological Conflict.
Great Ideological Conflict
The Great Ideological Conflict was begun by the Intermicronational Conservative Alliance in April 2010. Sandus' socialist policy and culture prompted the state to respond to the ICA's "conflict against Communism". At first, Sandus was embattled in an ideological conflict with the ICA, and later Bradley of Dullahan. Despite most hostilities ending in June 2010, Sandus and the ICA member states were still at odds with each other, which prompted Sandus and several other socialist-bloc states to leave the OAM and, despite two of those socialist-bloc states rejoining the OAM, Sandus has refused to return to the OAM on any grounds. However, this time ended when Will Sörgel resigned as Chairman of the GUM, Erusia, Sandus' closest ally was disgraced, and Sörgel decided to order the destruction of the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus.
The Barony of Kremlum Sandus was created as a response to the destruction of Sandus. Its constitution was based of the Principality of Liechtenstein's and, although it created a government that was too large, it was one of Sandus' premier constitutions. And, because of Sandus' government becoming too large, this prompted the government to become inactive for a few months in the later parts of the 2010 year. However, it was during this time that Sandus' current national symbol, the Sovereign Eagle, became entrenched once more in the nation's symbolism and even became its own order. Along with this new order, Sandus began to expand and recreate its medal system to where it is today.
The Post Lethler Era is the time after Erusia was disgraced by an OAM report against him. It was a time of much uncertainty as the community was not sure of where to go or what to become. The community's very own state was on shaky terms as it ventured to three new sites and the administration expanded their power, all of which effected the foreign policy of Sandus.
Territory of Sandus, St.Charlie
The Territory of Sandus was created on 19 October 2010 after several months of inactivity from the Barony of Kremlum Sandus. The country at the time was proud and devoted to becoming more St.Charlian, however, after the first and only election of the governor of the territory, the country began to desire sovereignty once more and on 21 February 2011, Sandus declared independence from St.Charlie.
Time without a Government
Sandus began to create its new constitution by the means of the State Caucus that was set up in the Territorial Law, should Sandus have wished to return to being a sovereign state. The State Caucus was headed by Will Sörgel and was a provisional government. At first, a socialist republican constitution was created, however it was not ratified at the national referendum. Over the next few weeks, the Caucus decided if the state should become either a monarchy or a direct democratic state. This question was pushed to referendum, and the people unanimously chose monarchy. The new constitution was ratified on 13 April 2011.
State of Sandus
The State of Sandus was created on 13 April 2011, when the State Caucus ratified the new constitution. The first public policy enacted by the Sôgmô, Abenaki for chief, was to nationalise the national newspaper, Veritum Sandus, so that it became the national register of the nation as well. In April and May, Sandus was involved in diplomatic issues between itself and Zealandia where, eventually, the Sôgmô would create a policy of non-involvement. On 9 May, Sandus celebrated Remembrance Day and, on 26 May, Sandus celebrated its second anniversary. On 27 May 2011, the Sôgmô created the Collegio Sacerdae, Sandus' first cooperative, which is tasked with the education of philosophy, religion and politics in Sandus. By the intent of the law, the Collegio Sacerdae serves as Sandus' first and only centre of education. Currently, the Collegio Sacerdae is working on documenting a total collection of the Orphic Hymns and other sacred texts, as well as creating a code of the Sandum philosophy as it is commonly called. In the latter months of 2011, the Sôgmô created policies in foreign affairs so as to limit the State into an isolationist policy with it's recognition and foreign communications. On 7 until 12 November, the Citizens' Communist Party of Sandus celebrated its first formal congress, which included hopes for a future constitution and more activity for the CCPS. The Sôgmô, as well, created the State's first major goal with the establishment of an agrarian economy in Sandus by 2015. The Sancta Calendar, which is based off both Gregorian and Romulan Calendars, was incorporated more into government as it superseded the Gregorian calendar in official capacities; the introduction of an 8-day administrative week also means that weekly goals are made by the Office of the Sôgmô.
However, with the departure of Blesbí from the State, the Sôgmô has declared hopes of a broad act to reconsolidate the Sandum state after Blesbí and its leader, André Sammut, leave the State formally on 20 March 2012. In his New Year's address, as well, the Sôgmô expressed hopes to begin work on a proto-agrarian economy for Sandus in the 2012 year as well as creating a broad law on citizenship, amending the Libera policy, drafting and enforcing new treaties in Foreign Affairs, reforming the Collegio Sacerdae to pursue academic research and discussion, and creating more cooperatives for the State such as the cooperativisation of the CCPS.
Government and politics
Sandus is an absolute monarchy with socialist rights and liberties embedded within its Founding Law. Ever since the foundation of Sandus, Sandum "philosophy", as it is called, has accepted the role of socialism and Buddhism within the state. The current government is created in recognition to the age-old leadership of the current Sôgmô. The current Founding Law was ratified on 14 April, 2011.
The Sôgmô is the absolute monarch of the State. The Sôgmô is tasked with upholding the Sandum Philosophy, socialism, "Rights of Life" which have been embedded within the State since its founding, and the idea of a compassionate working for the betterment of society and all. In course of those goals, the Sôgmô maintains a constitutional obligation to uphold petitions directed at the government. The Sôgmô must hear all petitions brought to the state, as the right to petition the government is an unalienable right within Sandus per the Founding Law. The Sôgmô, however, is not obligated to issue a response or redress the issue in concern of the petition, thereby making a rather large loophole that has never been used. Despite this, the Sôgmô maintains complete loyalty from the Sandum populace. The word Sôgmô (/s'oʊg.ɛm'oʊ/) originates from Abenaki, meaning "Chief" or "King"; an alternative spelling is S8gm8.
Organisation and rights
Sandus has embraced a simple governmental organisation. It recognises that the absolute monarchy is not necessarily the best expression of socialist values and ethics; however, due to the size of the state and a referendum held by the provisional State Caucus, the State of Sandus has embraced the simplistic government of absolute monarchy. The small size of the government continues to maintain the democratic support and advice of the public at large in Sandus, whose population now numbers some five active citizens and seven residents. In this way, the simple and small size of the monarchy, whose position maintains the democratic will due to its "close" nature to the people, helps to defend and act as a vanguard for socialism in the State. Furthermore, democracy, in a sense that the people may express to the Sôgmô what they think and wish, is defended due to this small, "close" relationship between the people and Sôgmô. One right, as well, has been entrenched in the monarchy in the founding law of the State and that is the right to petition the government. In this sense, Sandus maintains an absolute monarchy with socialist values and law, whilst maintaining democracy and the people's democratic will.
In addition to this small and simple organisation, Sandus defends several rights and liberties of its citizens. As explained above, one of the most important rights is the right to petition the government. This right is used often and the interpretation of a "petition" is rather liberal and relaxed, meaning that even a single statement can be viewed as a petition. However, as Sandus is a socialist country, it also defends rights that are classically and historically known in Sandus as the "rights to life":
|“||Article 4. The classic rights of the Sandum people and the right to petition the government for a redress of its function or in redress of its policies shall not be abridged.||”|
—Article 4 of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus
|“||Article 5. The People of Sandus enjoy the right to life, including the right to work, the right to rest, the right to care in old age and illness, the right to housing, the right to education, the right to culture, the right to expression, the right to conscience, the right to protection from the state and the right to the inviolability of the home. Each citizen is equal before the law.||”|
—Article 5 of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus
The rights to life are socialist economic rights, such as the right to a job, rest and leisure and an education, which are meant to be maintained and expressed by the State. However, due to the nature of the State, the rights and their usage are kept within the State's powers. Therefore, the rights can not be used in one's macronational venture as, simply put, the State has no legitimacy or authority there. However, the rights may be used in one's micronational life, as the State maintains supremacy in that "world".
With the foundation of the Sandum state, Sandus quickly learned that it required its own foreign affairs policies. With the lack of recognition from both Sealand and Molossia, the former due to their status and the latter due to a term-limit policy for waiting one month and signing a physical treaty, Sandus adopted a basic policy for recognition in July 2009, two months after the independence of Sandefreistikhan. This policy stipulated that Sandus would recognise all states it came into contact with and recognition was not to be handed out according to declarations or treaties of recognition, but rather by the mere communication between Sandus and another state. Therefore, on the auspices of this policy, Sandus initially recognised all nations it came into contact with, such as Landashir, Erusia, St.Charlie, Nemkhavia, Pristinia and the Polaris Federation. It was, as well, at this time that Sandus was beginning to join the Grand Unified Micronational which thereby granted Sandus the capability to recognise all GUM member-states at that time, such as Flandrensis, New Europe and Finismund, and was a participant in the talks concerning the Rhodesian War conducted by the GUM. Sandus quickly became close political partners and allies with Erusia, entrenching itself in the socialist wing of the community and was further emphasised with the declaration of war by Pristinia in the Insola War, acting at the behest of New Europe.
Tensions with Erusia began to arise after the then-Speaker of the House of the People's State of Sandus Will Sörgel assumed control of Sandus and founded the first Barony of Sandus. With the first momentous era of major growth for Sandus under the Barony, including a further entrenchment of social ideas under the monarchy, relations did eventually become amiable again with Erusia but full relations did not resume until late that spring when the Barony gave birth to the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus. With the creation of the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus, Sandus became more and more involved in ideological disputes and arguments which culminated in a time known as the Great Ideological Conflict, which Sandus was a major participant of.
Later that summer, under the Democratic People's Republic of Sandus, Sandus created the 2010 amendment to the July 2009 foreign policy concerning recognition which stipulated that Sandus has the right to withdraw recognition of any state at any time. This amendment would become very disputed in the Summer of 2011, as Sandus began to utilise the amendment more and more in its foreign affairs. With the recreation of a sovereign Sandum state in March 2011, Sandus began to enforce its "realistic" policies at home and its recognition standards abroad. In January and February 2011, the Territory of Sandus began to show its foreign affairs side once more with the condemning of supporting the Linden administration in Zealandia. Over the chaotic period of January to March, Sandus worked to utilise laws from the Territory of Sandus into the secession of Sandus and began to utilise the State Caucus and democratic referenda into the creation of a constitution of Sandus. With the creation of the Founding Law of the State of Sandus, Sandus once more resumed its full foreign affairs responsibilities and sought to promote policies of socialism, realism and professionalism in the intermicronational community. This, however, conflicted with Zealandia and, later, Tiana and often caused disputes between both states. At the end of Summer 2011, Sandus was prepared to revoke recognition of Kozuc when both the 2009 policy and the 2010 amendment were put on hold, pending a later policy. In a momentous decision on 27 September 2011, the S8gm8 of Sandus resumed both the policy and the amendment and added another addendum to the policy which has become known as the 27/9 Foreign Affairs Policy Directive. Perhaps the most-cited contemporary policy in Sandum foreign affairs history, the directive seeks to isolate the State of Sandus from nations which will divert Sandum government attention to the state and redirect it back onto the State. This policy is often cited as the most important single policy for Sandus' Libera policy, meant for isolation and freedom in politics, defence and economy. This policy further stipulates that recognition of micronations will become more difficult to grant and serves to grant recognition only to St.Charlie, Renasia, Landashir, Egtavia, Austenasia, Nemkhavia, Flandrensis and GUM member-states.
With the coming of 2012, the policy will have to be further enforced with the GUM becoming a popular intermicronational organisation and it has most recently been used to enforce Sandus' professional standards with the office of the S8gm8 threatening to revoke recognition of several GUM member-states for violating Sandus' professionalism standards. It was also reformed so as to allow the S8gm8 temporary capabilities to show support for Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia's Theodorism under the prerogative of defending the state and its allies. It is on the office of the S8gm8's goals for the year of 2012 to reform the policy once more, with the departure of Blesbí from the state. A list of current recognised macro- and micro-nations is currently being compiled by the Office of the S8gm8.
Unlike many other micronations, the State of Sandus does not claim to have an economy. Rather, as a result of Realist policies originating from early 2011, the State has recognised that it must create an economy, in the future of the State. In the latter half of 2012, the Sôgmô declared goals for the State to organise and economy by 2015. He stated, as well, that this policy would be for an agrarian economy so as to follow the route of history beginning at the Neolithic Revolution with the founding of civilisations. Crafts may be used as well, including both tools and objects of artistic and religious value, to create a further expansion of the economy by 2015. Diplomatic discussions, with a common Commission for Mutual Economic Prosperity, began with Technocratic Renasia in early January and with discussions dating from late November. Renasia, which plans on creating a technocratic service economy, and Sandus, which plans on its agrarian economy, will continue discussion economic growth for Renasia's own economic goal of 2012 and Sandus' 2015 goal.