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State of Bascal

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State of Bascal (eng)
Negara Baskal (zsm)
نݢارا بسکل
Negaghe Baska (bml)

Bascal flag.jpgCoats of arms of Bascal..JPG

Motto
Bekerjasama demi kejayaan !
بکرجاسام دمي کجايأن
(Work Together for success!)
Anthem
Negara Baskal, Tanah Airku (Bascal my homeland)
نݢارا بسکل، تانه ايرکو
Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
Capital city Kamp Basca D.C
Largest city Singapore Street A.D
Official language(s) Malay, Bascal Malay
Recongnised languages: Gutaish, Arabic, English, Kelantanese
Official religion(s) Islam
Demonym Bascalian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
- Ketua Negara Mohd Sukeri
- Governor Amir Syafiq
Legislature National Parliament of Bascal
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - 4 seats
- Last election - December 2010 (presidental election)
Established 7 January 2009
Area claimed 1 acre
Population 9
Currency Bascal Dollar (unused)
Malaysian Ringgit (official)
Time zone BST (UTC +8)
DST not observed (UTC+8)
National sport Badminton, Cycling
National dish Rice and Noodle
National drink None
National animal Fighting fish
Bascal is a member of UAMW,UIM,MASA

Official Website

Bascal (IPA: bɑːskɑːl, Malay: Baskal, Bascal Malay: Baska, Jawi script:بسکل). Known officially as the State of Bascal, was a landlocked micronation located in Malaysia. It was established on 7 January 2009 by Amir Syafiq, his friends and families. The State of Bascal was an enclave surrounded by the state of Terengganu, Malaysia. The capital city of Bascal was Kamp Basca D.C and the largest city was Singapore Street. On 26 October 2011, it changed the name from "Land Republic of Bascal" to the "State of Bascal".

Bascal was a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic consisting of 8 districts, 22 areas and 1 autonomous territory. Bascal was a member of Union Against Micronational War, Micronational Association of Southeast Asia, Union of Islamic Micronations and Intermicronational Blue Cross and Blue Crescent Movement , and a permanent observer of Association of Indonesian Micronations since 2011 till 2014.

On 15 November 2014, the State of Bascal officially dissolved as an independent micronation and rejoined with the State of Terengganu, Malaysia after it's 5 years in existence.


Etymology

Bascal derives from the Malaysian word Basikal which means Bicycle. It is also a name of the predecessor of Bascal, "Kampong Basikal" which literally means a bicycle village.

History

Early history

The first inhabitants were the Malays that came throughout Malaya. Bascal was first settled in the late 1990s to early 2000s.

Kampong Basikal

In the year 2005, a group of small kids named the place Kampong Basikal (English: Bicycle village) and it became an official name for the area. In 2006, it declares itself as an independent village. With a mayor and a citizen of it's own.

Creating a nation

In 2008, Amir Syafiq called for a plan to create a sovereign state to replaced Kampong Basikal. On 7 January 2009, the declaration of independence from Malaysia was declared by Amir himself in front of the main village square (which is now called the Ikan Skila square), attended by his family members.

Dissolution

On 16 October 2014, Governor Amir Syafiq shockingly pronounced to dissolved the State of Bascal because He was no longer active in Micronational world and due to the pressure he had with his families, studies and school activities. Because of this He had no time in taking care of Bascal and their administration. Lack of successor also caused the dissolution of Bascal, being almost 3 years as a Governor and no one interested in being a successor. The idea of separatism in Syafiq's minds are also fading, and becoming more more acceptable on being a Malaysian than his previous rebellious years. The dissolution process was not delayed and continued his last days until 15 November 2014, Amir Syafiq and the Ketua Negara officially retired and because of this, caused the dissolution of Bascal itself.

Government

see Bascal Democratic Party, Islamic Party of Bascal, Bascal Republican Party

Bascal was a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic. The Ketua Negara is the Head of state of the country. Ketua Negara in Malay means "Head of State" who acts like a President (Like those in India and Singapore), they also act as a Head of the religion and the citizens of Bascal (Like the Yang-DiPertuan Agong of Malaysia and the Queen of England). The Head of the government was the Governor and are no different than a prime minister, only with different name. Bascal once has 3 main political parties such as Bascal Democratic Party, Bascal Republican Party (also known as the Freedom Party of Bascal), Islamic Party of Bascal and also independent. Each political party has one seat at the parliament (due to lack of seats, size and population). In 2012, IBP and BRP dissolved and left Bascal Democratic Party as a sole party along with an independent candidate.

List of Ketua Negara of Bascal

Name Years in service
Mohd Sukeri
2011 - 2014 (possition dissolved)

List of Governors of Bascal

Name In Office
Amir Syafiq 2009 - 2010
Muhd Nabil 2010 - 2011
Amir Syafiq 2011 - 2014 (position dissolved)

Parliament of Bascal

 The National Parliament of Bascal (Malay: Parlimen kebangsaan Bascal, more commoly known as "Majleh") was a unicameral legislature. It was located at Kamp Basca D.C beside the Headquarters of Bascal Police Force. The National Parliament of Bascal had four seats. 3 seats belongs to Bascal Democratic party while the rest are independent.

Constitution

The national constitution (Malay:Perlembagaan Kebangsaan) is the official constitution of Bascal. It was also known as the "Yellow paper" because it was covered by a yellow paper. It is one of the shortest constitution in the micronational world and in the world itself. The constitution has been changed for 3 times for the past 4 years.

Geography

Bascal was divided into two similarly sized regions that was Mainland Bascal and the Autonomous territory of Gong Badak. Due to it's small size, most of Bascal's lands are urbanised or under urbanisation with an exception of Padang Hijau and Hutan Sembelih. Bascal's geography differed from which regions they at, for example on the northern parts of Bascal like Hutan Sembelih and Limpah Budu, Padang Hijau is heavily forested, while in central to southern parts of Bascal like in central and southern Padang Hijau, Kamp Basca D.C, Longkang and Bukit Guling was mainly green plains and has less trees. In the Autonomous territory of Gong Badak, most of the area was mostly desertous and are mainly covered with sands with few grasses and trees, mostly in southern part.

Rivers and Lakes

Most parts of Bascal was run by concrete drainage systems with few exceptions in Kamp Basca where there is one river that flows from Jalan Hijau through Taman area called Sunga Ungu (Purple river in Terengganuan), it is also the name where Sunga Ungu area based from. In Bukit Guling, there were once an ephemeral lake called "Tasek Kering", which in 2013 was flattened out by a new road pavement. There is one river in Gong Badak that is called "Sungai Angsa" and was the longest river in Bascal. The river divides Jambu and Padang Angsa region.

Forest

Bascal was once a forested area. Due to urbanisation, most areas of Bascal has turned into a one urban area that took more than 60% of the country's area. Bascal once has one National park that is Hutan Simpanan Negara which located at the northernmost part of Bascal in the district of Hutan Sembelih between Bascal-Malaysia border.

Fauna

Bascal's native fauna mainly consists of insects and few reptilian species. The most widely distributed species are lizards and ants, which can be found throughout Mainland Bascal and Gong Badak. Various species of snakes can be found on northern parts of Bascal at Hutan Sembelih, Jalan Rumput, Pagar Karat and Limpah Budu, Padang Hijau. Few species of spiders, grasshoppers and centipedes can be found at Ayer, Padang Hijau and Pagar Karat. Snails and frogs were once common in Kamp Basca, now extinct due to urbanisation. Rats are the only non-human mammal species in Bascal, which considered functionally extinct since 2013. In Gong Badak, goose were commonly found at Jambu and Padang Angsa region. Gong Badak's goose was the only bird native to Bascal and was once the largest animal of Bascal, now have since died out due to low fertility rate and old age.

Climate

Bascal was generally hot and humid throughout the year, the average temperature was around 28 - 34°C, the highest would be 30 - 35°C mostly between July or August and the lowest is around 22 - 25 °C mostly from November till early January. Bascal receives an average rainfall around 2600 mm. The climate in Bascal was same as Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

Climate data for State of Bascal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82)
28.9
(84)
30
(86)
31.7
(89)
32.2
(90)
31.7
(89)
31.7
(89)
31.1
(88)
31.1
(88)
30.6
(87)
28.9
(84)
27.8
(82)
30.6
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
23.3
(74)
23.3
(74)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
Precipitation mm (inches) 134
(5.28)
65
(2.56)
205
(8.07)
100
(3.94)
117
(4.61)
112
(4.41)
119
(4.69)
126
(4.96)
173
(6.81)
220.3
(8.673)
727
(28.62)
544
(21.42)
2,642.3
(104.028)
Source: http://www.met.gov.my/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=741&Itemid=949

Subdivisions

Bascal during it's existence was divided into 8 districts and 22 areas and had 1 autonomous territory. Most of the districts was governed by President and the Governor of Bascal, due to because of lack of population in the country. Only Singapore Street and Baround Ayers has it's own Governor. Singapore Street was the only autonomous district in mainland Bascal, independently controls it's own education system and laws. Bascal also has one territory that was the Autonomous Territory of Gong Badak which was separated from districts of Bascal.


Map of Bascal

Map of Bascal           


Districts of Bascal

Name Capital
Baround ayers.jpg   Ayer  Dapor town
Flag of Rowhing.jpg   Bukit Guling  Bando Bukik Guling
Fkag of Snake Jungle.jpg   Hutan Sembelih   Kampung Nyior Jatuh
Kamp Basca flag.jpg   Kamp Basca  Bando Lame
Ol-Tala.png   Longkang  Guling barat
Old elephant.jpg   Pagar Karat  Jalan Rumput
Flag of Paradisa.jpg   Padang Hijau  Limpah Budu
Singapore Street.jpg Singapore Street  Singapore Street


Autonomous Territories

Name Capital
Wangngah.jpg Autonomous Territory of Gong Badak  Bandar Muhammad

Areas

There are a total of 22 areas as of 2014, compared to 21 in 2013. Areas are a sub-division of Districts. Bando Lame area is separated from Taman area on 31st July 2014, and became the 4th area of Kamp Basca and 22nd area of Bascal. If Gong Badak's regions were included, there will be a total of 27 areas. Words that were written in Bold was the district capital which can be seen below. Gong Badak was divided into Regions, which also shown below

~Areas of Bascal by districts

  • Ayer : Dapor town, Tanoh
  • Bukit Guling : Bando Bukik Guling, Tasek Kering, Kemucuk
  • Hutan Sembelih : Kampung Nyior Jatuh, Hutan Simpanan Negara
  • Kamp Basca : Bando lame, Sunga Ungu, Jalan Hijau, Taman
  • Longkang : Guling Barat, Longkang Tengah, Kayu Nangka
  • Padang Hijau : Limpah Budu, Padang Tengoh, Padang Bowoh, Pokok Pisang
  • Pagar Karat : Jalan Rumput, Ujong
  • Singapore Street : Ruang Luar, Rumoh (Singapore Street is considered one city)

~Regions of Autonomous Territory of Gong Badak

  • Bandar Muhammad (Capital)
  • Luaran Region
  • Bandar Wan Teh Region
  • Jambu Region
  • Padang Angsa Region

Defense

see Bascal Police Force

Bascal abolished it's military in 2010 and replaced with Bascal Police Force as it's main defense force. BPF had 3 personnel and the current General was Amir Syafiq. It's headquarters was located besides the Parliament in Kamp Basca D.C. BPF had a very small active personnel but well equipped with weapons and vehicles.                

The official logo of B.P.F

Weapons

  1. ST-16 
  2. Rubber Shotgun (wood)

Main Vehicles                                                

  1. Bicycles
  2. Scooter (only used by Kamp Basca Police)                            


Demographics

Bascal had a population of 9 (2012 est). Bascal was ethnically homogeneous, the Malays made up the majority of the country. Most of Bascalians are concentrated in large cities like Singapore Street, Bandar Muhammad and Baround Ayers.

-Nationality : Bascalian

-Urban population : 100%

-Ethnic groups : Malays, some have Chinese and Thai descent.

-Population : 9 (2009 est)

-Literacy rate : 100%


Religion

100% of the population belonged to Shafi'i branch of Sunni Islam. With few influences from Sufism.

Languages

Bascal Malay and Malay are the two official languages of Bascal. Majority of Bascalians speak Bascal Malay which was the standard variety of Terengganuan language. Other languages include Kelantanese, English, Gutaish (Endangered) and Arabic. All of them are recognised as "regional language". Both Jawi and Latin are co-official in Bascal.

Education

Education in Bascal was overseen by two Ministers. The Minister of Education was responsible for schooling in the country while Curriculum Minister was responsible for curriculum activities such as Sports, camping and more others. Primary education in Bascal is same as those of Malaysia. It begins at the age of 7 till the age of 12 while Secondary education starts at 13 till 17 or 18 (5 or 6 years). Bascal also has one and only University which was the University of Bascal located at Singapore Street A.D. Although a University, the UoB still has no post graduates or even students.

Culture

Due to it's location, the culture of Bascal was heavily based that of Malaysian culture. Other cultures such as Korean, Japanese, Indonesian, British, Indian, Chinese and American also exist. Malay, Indian and Arabic culture played a major role, because Bascalians belong to ethnic Malays and all of them were Sunni Muslims. All national holidays of Bascal are same as those of Malaysia (especially Terengganu) except for Bascal Independence day and State Day.

Important Days

  •  Bascal Independence Day 7 January
  • State Day 26 October
  •  Hari Raya Aidilfitri (Eid ul-Fitr)
  •  Hari Raya Aidil-Adha (Eid ul-Adha)
  •  Christmas 25 December
  •  Deepavali
  •  Chinese New Year
  •  Workers day 1 May
  •  Nuzul Al-Quran 26 July
  •  Wesak Day 24 May
  •  Sultan of Terengganu's birthday 26 April

 *Bold are the national days only in Bascal.

Media

Bascal use three types of media that was the Internet, the newspaper and radio. Bascal regulated three newspapers, one in English, Malay and Bascal Malay. Once it operated two radio stations, now dissolved because of financial problems.

Newspapers

Foreign Relations

see Foreign relations of Bascal

After the independence in 2009, the country opens it's first diplomatic relations with Auralia and Medallion, a micronation made by his classmates. After joining MicroWiki in 2010-2011, Los Bay Petros was the first MicroWiki country to established a diplomatic relations with Bascal, the relations soon became formal on 23rd June 2011. Bascal diplomatic relationship spans from North America to Oceania with more than 15 micronations. It was once a member state of the Union Against Micronational War, Intermicronational Blue Cross and Blue Crescent Movement and a founding member of Micronational Association of Southeast Asia and Union of Islamic Micronations. Although Bascal was not an Indonesian micronation, it was once an observer at the Association of Indonesian Micronations (until 2014) and a short-lived observer of Grand Unified Micronational (Until 2013).

Sports

In Bascal. The most well known sports activities are Cycling. Majority of Bascalians can cycle and is the weekly routine for some Bascalians. It is considered to be the national sport along with association football and badminton. Association football and badminton however, remains strong mostly among males. Bascal had it's own national sports committee and also a member of one Malaysian sports club. Bascal National football was founded in 2009 and currently a member of Virtual Micronational Soccer Board along with other micronations.

Sports Association

  1. Bascal Badminton Association
  2. Bascal Cycling Association
  3. Bascal Football Federation
  4. Bascal Netball Association (dissolved since 2010)

Other Sports afflitation

  1. Kayoh Bike Club (Malaysia)

Infrastructure

Transportation

Transportation system in Bascal was very small but well developed. Bascal had two types of transportation system which are ground transportation and air transportation, water transportation didn't exist because Bascal was landlocked. Air transport was only at Singapore Street and at Baround Ayers. Bascal had 2 cars, 7 bicycles, 1 scooter, 1 motorcycle and 2 cart. All transportation was held under the ministry of transportation. Bascal drives on the left, just like Malaysia. Bascal was a landlocked country and does not have ports and harbours.


  • Highways : 1-1.5km (Bicycles, motorcycles and Cars only. Trucks and buses can only go through Longkang and Bukit Guling).
  • Railways : none 
  • Airports : 3 (miniature airport) owned by Bascal Air.
  • Waterways: none
  • Ports and seaports : none (Bascal is landlocked)


See also

References

External links